What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is when the prostate and surrounding tissue swells. The prostate passes through two primary growth stages as a man ages. The first is early in adolescence, when the prostate doubles in size. The second begins at age 25 and continues during much of a man’s life. As you age, your prostate may develop larger. BPH is when it is large enough to cause problems.

While the prostate is generally the size of a walnut or golf ball in mature males, it can grow to be as large as an orange. As the gland enlarges, it might pinch the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Over time the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty entirely. Urine then remains in the bladder. These abnormalities produce many of the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of BPH. If you are not able to pass urine at all (called retention) or if you have renal failure, rapid assistance is required. But, other indications like weak urine stream or the need to push or strain can many times be watched.

BPH is benign. This indicates it is neither cancer, nor does it lead to cancer. Yet, BPH and cancer can happen at the same time. BPH itself may not require any treatment, but if it begins to cause symptoms, medication may assist. It is also of tremendous importance to know that BPH is common. Nearly half of all males between ages 51 and 60 have BPH. Close to 90% of men over age 80 have it.

How Does the Prostate Work?

The prostate is part of the male reproductive system and its main duty is to make fluid for semen.  The urethra transfers urine from the bladder and out through the penis.


When the prostate is enlarged, it might discomfort or restrict the bladder. Wanting to pass urine often is a common symptom of BPH. This can be every 1 to 2 hours, usually at night.

Additional symptoms include:

  • Incomplete emptying: the sense your bladder is full, even after passing urine.
  • Frequency: the need to pass pee often, about every one to two hours.
  • Intermittency: the need to stop and start multiple times when passing urine.
  • Urgency: experiencing the urgent desire to pass pee as if you can’t wait.
  • Weak stream: a feeble urine flow.
  • Straining: difficulties starting to pass pee or the need to push or strain to pass urine.
  • Nocturia: the urge to wake up at night more than two times to pass urine.
  • If BPH develops severe, you might not be able to pass urine at all. This is an emergency that must be treated immediately away.

How Can BPH Impact Your Life?

In most guys, BPH gets worse with age. It can lead to bladder damage and infection. It can induce blood in the urine and cause kidney damage.


The causes of BPH are not established. It generally happens in older males. Hormone alterations are thought to play a role.

Hormones from the testis may be the key reason. For example, as men age, the amount of active testosterone in the blood falls. Estragon levels stay the same.

BPH may occur when these hormone changes promote prostate cell proliferation. Another notion is concerning the role of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (DHT). This male hormone supports prostate growth. Some studies demonstrate that older men have higher amounts of DHT. Testosterone levels fall down.

Who is at Risk for BPH?

There are various risk factors for BPH. Men who are at a higher risk include:

  • Males over the age of 50 as the risk for BPH rises with age
  • Men whose dads had BPH
  • Men who are overweight or obese
  • Men who don’t stay active
  • Some men with erectile dysfunction (ED)

Can BPH be Prevented?

There is no sure way to prevent BPH. Nonetheless, decreasing weight and eating a well-balanced diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, may assist. Too much body fat, may increase hormone levels and other elements in the blood, and accelerate the growth of prostate cells. Keeping active also helps control weight and hormone levels.


Consult your doctor if you experience symptoms that might be BPH. Contact your doctor right away if you have blood in your urine, discomfort or burning when you urinate, or if you cannot urinate. There are various testing for BPH. The following tests are used to diagnose and track BPH.

Kamagra 100mg Oral Jelly for treating BPH. You and your doctor will determine together which treatment is suitable for you. Mild instances may need no treatment at all. In some circumstances, minimally invasive techniques (surgery without anaesthetic) are good choices. And occasionally a mix of treatments works best.

The primary forms of therapies for BPH are:

  • Active Surveillance
  • Prescription Medications
  • Less Invasive Surgery
  • More Invasive Surgery
  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) (TURP)

TURP is a popular operation for BPH. TURP employs electric current or laser light to cut and remove tissue. This is done using anaesthetic and a tool called a resectoscope introduced into the penis. The resectoscope offers illumination, irrigating fluid and an electrical loop. The loop slices tissue and closes blood arteries. The excised tissue is drained into the bladder and out of the body through a catheter.

Following Therapy

For most men, symptoms of BPH improve with therapy of Malegra 200 . Infection, bleeding, incontinence, and erectile dysfunction may occur with various therapies. In some circumstances, scar tissue may grow.

After surgery, it can take time for sexual function to restore fully. Most specialists feel that if you were able to have an erection shortly before surgery, you will be able to following surgery. Your orgasm is not expected to alter. In some situations, males can encounter an issue where semen enters the bladder rather than out the penis (retrograde ejaculation. Infection, bleeding and incontinence may occur with various treatments. In some circumstances, scar tissue may grow. Adverse effects vary with the type of treatment you choose and most side effects are short. Some men need continuing or new treatment for their BPH symptoms after initial treatment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.